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Section 164 Repeat Offender Transfer
Provision

All State Highway Safety Grant Programs

History and Administration

The repeat offender transfer provision was initially authorized under the Transportation Equity Act of the 21st Century (TEA-21) and reauthorized under SAFETEA-LU and MAP-21. This transfer provision is jointly administered by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA).

Purpose

This transfer provision encourages states to enact a repeat offender law.

Requirements

This transfer provision requires states to enact and enfoce a law that provides specific minimum penalties to individuals convicted or a second or subsequent impaired driving offense.

Under MAP-21, these minimum penalties are:

NHTSA has published guidance on “common pitfalls” for compliance with the minimum requirements of Section 164. States that fail to comply with these minimum requirements have a portion of their highway funds transfered into the state's Section 402 program.

Under MAP-21, the state may elect to use all or a portion of the penalty transfer funds for activities eligible under the Section 148 Highway Safety Improvement Program. If the state does so, then the funds are transferred from FHWA directly to the state department of transportation for the administration of those funds. SHSOs will no longer be required to track HSIP expenditures in that case.

Funding

States that failed to enact a repeat offender law by FY 2001 and FY 2002 had 1.5% of their National Highway System (NHS), Surface Transportation Program (STP) and Interstate Maintenance (IM) funds transferred to the Section 402 program. In subsequent years and under SAFETEA-LU, the amount transferred grew to 3%.

In FY 2012 and every year thereafter, if state is not in compliance with the revised repeat offender penalty provisions, then 2.5% of the National Highway System Performance Plan and the Surface Transportation Program funds are transferred to Section 402 in the subsequent fiscal year. (The amount of the transfer may actually be larger than under SAFETEA-LU since the two core highway programs from which funds are transferred are actually larger.)

Total dollar amounts transfered under SAFETEA-LU and MAP-21 are shown below. Click on a column header to see all federal highway safety funding for that fiscal year.

State MAP-21 FAST Act
Ala.        
Alaska 10,573,640      
A.S.        
Ariz. 15,098,988      
Ark.        
Calif. 70,535,388 33,422,356 33,209,205 34,334,882
Colo.        
Conn.        
Del.     657,053  
D.C.        
Fla.        
Ga.        
Guam        
Hawaii 3,519,399     1,709,380
Idaho 6,091,212 645,365    
Ill.        
Indian Ntns.        
Ind. 20,192,867   285,214 1,960,596
Iowa 10,509,266      
Kan.        
Ky.        
La. 15,404,574 875,913 870,327 1,046,032
Maine        
Md. 12,061,700 4,585,004    
Mass.        
Mich.        
Minn. 13,796,994 6,537,542 6,495,849 6,698,271
Miss.        
Mo.        
Mont. 8,830,878     1,714,150
Neb. 6,216,943      
Nev.        
N.H.        
N.J.        
N.M. 7,948,365 7,532,476 5,987,550 5,399,181
N.Y.        
N.C. 22,066,692      
N.D.        
M.P.        
Ohio 27,625,494 1,309,001 1,300,653 1,342,122
Okla. 13,916,445      
Ore. 10,696,275 719,699 715,109 737,175
Pa.        
P.R.   1,090,581 812,764 861,559
R.I. 4,628,784 219,329 217,931 1,123,599
S.C.     1,933,663  
S.D. 6,010,498 1,424,002 1,414,920 1,458,734
Tenn.        
Texas        
Utah 6,891,321      
Vt. 4,236,778   239,369  
V.I.        
Va.        
Wash. 14,205,376      
W.Va.        
Wis        
Wy. 5,477,401      
Totals 316,535,278 58,361,268 54,139,607 58,385,681
  23 10 + PR 13 + PR 11 + PR

 

State SAFETEA-LU
Ala.              
Alaska 4,121,869 5,017,637 5,688,462 5,964,667 8,051,770 9,367,631 9,127,875
A.S.              
Ariz.              
Ark.              
Calif. 44,049,663 49,126,959 52,879,718 54,456,668 59,662,839 62,351,254 59,776,634
Colo.              
Conn.              
Del.              
D.C.              
Fla.              
Ga.              
Guam              
Hawaii              
Idaho              
Ill.              
Indian Ntns.              
Ind.              
Iowa              
Kan.              
Ky.              
La. 7,029,143 7,830,641 8,166,215 9,385,289 10,395,744 10,933,920 10,479,307
Maine              
Md.             9,448,465
Mass. 7,178,872            
Mich.              
Minn. 9,420,939 10,630,358 11,483,925 11,831,440 12,995,244 13,732,527 13,187,039
Miss.              
Mo.           18,116,765 17,335,414
Mont.         7,895,773 8,662,887 8,381,308
Neb.              
Nev.              
N.H.              
N.J.              
N.M. 5,919,954 6,849,108 7,255,822 7,597,703 8,099,979 8,363,265 7,960,334
N.Y.              
N.C.              
N.D.              
M.P.              
Ohio 18,136,130 21,219,842 21,887,109 22,030,837 23,383,558 24,051,787 22,918,000
Okla.              
Ore. 5,960,198 6,712,407 7,170,654 7,437,431 8,666,967 9,340,187 8,994,036
Pa.              
P.R. 2,375,513 2,808,046 3,076,037 3,226,925 3,378,681 3,346,159 3,198,083
R.I. 2,122,287 2,299,483 2,389,024 2,465,392 2,867,876 3,104,735 2,984,543
S.C.              
S.D. 4,019,465 4,626,903 4,911,702 5,145,365 5,843,553 6,213,948 5,972,720
Tenn.              
Texas              
Utah              
Vt. 2,101,993 2,299,480 2,392,228 2,489,798 3,191,516 3,540,891 3,491,608
V.I.              
Va.              
Wash.         10,695,667 11,283,661 10,865,629
W.Va.              
Wis           16,239,760 15,438,945
Wy. 4,450,879 5,080,960 5,334,306 5,540,613 5,829,664 5,975,295 5,691,062
Totals 116,886,905 124,501,824 132,635,202 137,572,128 170,958,831 214,624,672 215,251,002
  12 + PR 11 + PR 11 + PR 11 + PR 13 + PR 15 + PR 16 + PR