Colorado

GHSA maintains data on state laws surrounding a number of highway safety issues. Below is information regarding laws in the state of Colorado. Please note that GHSA does not compile any additional data on state laws other than what is presented in these pages. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.

  • Alcohol Impaired Driving

    Penalties

    Increased Penalty for High BAC Administrative License Suspension on First Offense Limited Driving Privileges During Suspension Vehicle and License Plate Sanctions
    .15 3 months Yes  

    Ignition Interlocks

    Highly incentivized for all convictions

    Other

    Open Container Laws Repeat Offender Laws Alcohol Exclusion Laws Limiting Treatment
    Yes Yes No

     

  • Autonomous Vehicles

    AV testing authorized under specified conditions.

  • Bicyclists and Pedestrians

    No bicycle helmet law.

  • Child Passenger Safety

    Child Restraint Required

    Under 1 yrs and under 20 lbs in rear-facing infant seat in rear seat if available

    1-3 yrs and 20-40 lbs in child safety seat

    4-7 yrs in booster seat

    Adult Safety Belt Permissible

    8-15 yrs

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    $82

  • Distracted Driving

    Hand-Held Ban?

    No

    All Cell Phone Ban?

    School Bus Drivers

    No

    Novice Drivers

    Drivers under 18. Primary law.

    Text Messaging Ban?

    All drivers. Primary law.

  • Drug Impaired Driving

    DUID Zero Tolerance or Per se Laws for Some Drugs

    • Reasonable inference law with legal limit >0 for THC

    Marijuana-Specific Laws

    • Possession and Use: Decriminalized and legal for recreational and medical use
    • Impaired Driving: Reasonable inference for THC (5 ng)
  • Mature Drivers

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    10 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    61 and over: renewal every 5 years

    66 and over: no electronic renewal, mail renewal requires passage of vision exam within the prior 6 months

     

  • Motorcyclists

    Helmets required for all riders and passengers under 18. Universal helmet law repealed 1977.

  • Seat Belts

    Type of Law

    Secondary

    Who Is Covered?

    Riders 18 and over (primary law for riders under 18)

    In What Seat?

    Front

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    $71

  • Sobriety Checkpoints

    Checkpoints are conducted once or twice a month. Their legality is upheld under state and federal Constitution. 

  • Speed and Red Light Cameras

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Construction and school zones, residential areas or adjacent to municipal park

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver

    Image Taken

    Tag and driver

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $40 maximum or $80 in school zone; no points or record; warning for 1st offense if going 10 mph or less over speed limit ($151 including surcharge; 4 points)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide.

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver

    Image Taken

    Tag and driver

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $75; no points or record ($111 including surcharge; 4 points)

  • Speeding and Aggressive Driving

    Rural Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    75 75

    Urban Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    65 65

    Other Limited Access Roads

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    65 65

     

  • Teen and Novice Drivers

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 with driver's ed

    15 / 6 with driver awareness program

    16 without driver's ed. or program

    12 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 5 a.m. (secondary enforcement)

    First 6 months: no passengers

    Second 6 months: no more than one passenger (secondary enforcement)

     

  • Work Zones

    Violations Affected

    All

    Enhanced Penalties

    Double original fine

    Workers Must Be Present?

    No

    Signs Must Be Present?

    No