New Jersey

GHSA maintains data on state laws surrounding a number of highway safety issues. Below is information regarding laws in the state of New Jersey. For more information, consult the State Highway Safety Office.

  • Alcohol Impaired Driving


    Increased Penalty for High BAC Administrative License Suspension on First Offense Limited Driving Privileges During Suspension Vehicle and License Plate Sanctions

    Ignition Interlocks

    Mandatory for all convictions


    Open Container Laws Repeat Offender Laws Alcohol Exclusion Laws Limiting Treatment
    Yes Yes Yes


  • Bicyclists and Pedestrians

    Bicycle helmets required for all riders under 17.

  • Child Passenger Safety

    Child Restraint Required

    Under 2 yrs and under 30 lbs in rear-facing infant seat

    Under 4 yrs and under 40 lbs in child safety seat

    Under 8 yrs and shorter than 57" in rear seat if available

    Adult Safety Belt Permissible

    Not permissible

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense


  • Distracted Driving

    Hand-Held Ban?

    Yes. Primary law.

    All Cell Phone Ban?

    School Bus Drivers

    Yes. Primary law.

    Novice Drivers

    Drivers with permit or provisional license. Primary law.

    Text Messaging Ban?

    All drivers. Primary law.

  • Drowsy Driving

    AKA "Maggie’s Law," effective 2003. Statute deems driving “while knowingly fatigued as recklessness” and defines fatigued as “being without sleep for a period in excess of 24 consecutive hours.” (New Jersey Legislature, 2002).

  • Drug Impaired Driving

    DUID Zero Tolerance or Per se Laws for Some Drugs

    • None

    Marijuana-Specific Laws

    • Possession and Use: Legal for medical use
    • Impaired Driving: None
  • Mature Drivers

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers


  • Motorcyclists

    Universal helmet law enacted 1968.

  • Seat Belts

    Type of Law

    Primary; Secondary for rear seat occupants

    Who Is Covered?

    Riders 7 and under and more than 57 inches tall

    Riders 8 and over

    In What Seat?


    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    $46 (including court costs)

  • Sobriety Checkpoints

    Checkpoints are conducted once or twice a month. Their legality is upheld under state and federal Constitution. 

  • Speed and Red Light Cameras

    Speed Cameras


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Speeding and Aggressive Driving

    Rural Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    65 65

    Urban Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    55 55

    Other Limited Access Roads

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    65 65

    Aggressive Driver Actions Defined by Statute

    None defined. New Jersey enforces against aggressive driving by charging under 39:4-97 (Careless Driving), 39:4-97:2 (Operating a vehicle in an Unsafe Manner( or any other statute at the discretion of the officer.

  • Teen and Novice Drivers

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    18 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    16 6 None

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    17 11 p.m. - 5 a.m. No more than 1 (exception limited to drivers' dependents)
  • Work Zones

    Violations Affected

    All moving vehicle violations

    Enhanced Penalties

    Double original fine

    Workers Must Be Present?


    Signs Must Be Present?