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Planning Tools

State Highway Safety Offices (SHSOs) submit annual Highway Safety Plans (HSPs) and Annual Reports (ARs) to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and assist their state DOTs in the development of the state's Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP).

GHSA Comments on Uniform Procedures for State Highway Safety Grant Programs FAST Act Interim Final Rules

GHSA is committed to improving traffic safety and provided comments regarding the Interim Final Rule (IFR) for implementing the federal grant program to states for behavioral highway safety programs authorized by the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act. The FAST Act is the first long-term transportation legislation that has passed Congress in over a decade, and will provide stability in funding and policy for transportation safety in our communities. GHSA looks forward to working with NHTSA as they define the regulatory framework that will take this policy and put in into action.

Guidance for Developing Highway Safety Plans
INTERIM FY 2017 Version

Updated March 2016

DISCLAIMER: GHSA guidance documents have not been updated to include the requirements in the IFR published in the Federal Register on May 23, 2016, which implement the FAST Act.

Guidance for Developing Highway Safety Plans cover
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[74 pgs.]

This document is intended to help State Highway Safety Offices craft their federally required annual Highway Safety Plans (HSPs).

It was most recently revised in March 2016. References have been added to address the new requirements in the FAST Act, the latest federal transportation authorization legislation. The yellow highlighted sections are those which contain additions or modifications from the previous revision in April 2015. An additional update will become necessary when NHTSA issues the accompanying regulations for implementation of the FAST Act, expected later in 2016.

States are encouraged to thoroughly read both the NHTSA HSP Content Review Guide, when it becomes available, and this GHSA HSP Guidance during the preparation of their FY 2017 HSP.

CAVEAT: This Guidance is not a substitute for a thorough and complete understanding of the applicable Federal laws and regulations.

Performance Measures

GHSA has worked with NHTSA to identify the following performance measures for SHSOs to use in their HSPs and ARs.

Traffic Safety Performance Measures

Performance Measures Report Cover

Traffic Safety Performance Measures for States and Federal Agencies pdf icon [557 KB, 46 pgs.] covers the minimum set of performance measures to be used by states and federal agencies in the development and implementation of behavioral highway safety plans and programs. Fourteen measures are outlined: ten core outcome measures, one core behavior measure, and three activity measures.

NHTSA's State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) provides state-by-state FARS data that states will need for their traffic safety performance measures.

Bicycle Performance Measure
Beginning with the FY 2015 HSP, states will include an additional core outcome measure on bicycle fatalities. Below are three recommended SAMPLE targets (based on Maryland data) that states can use to draft their own bicycle performance measure.

A maintenance goal is also permissible: Maintain bicycle fatalities from 1 (2010-2012 average) to 1 by December 31, 2015.

Frequently Asked Questions pdf icon [159 KB, 4 pgs.]

State Traffic Records Systems Performance Measures

Model Performance Measures for State Traffic Records Systems pdf icon [675 KB, 46 pgs.] is a collection of 61 voluntary model measures to help states monitor and improve the quality of the data in their traffic records systems. It covers all six traffic records systems: crash, driver, vehicle, roadway, citation/adjudication, and EMS/injury surveillance; and provides basic definitions for the six critical performance attributes: timeliness, accuracy, completeness, uniformity, integration, and accessibility.

Attitudes Survey

States began conducting this annual attitude survey in FY 2010. The survey contains nine questions on occupant protection, impaired driving and speeding.

Annual Report Guidance

Updated July 21, 2016

Guidance for Developing Highway Safety Plans cover
Download pdf icon
[1.2 MB, 27 pgs.]

This guidance document is intended to assist SHSOs in developing their FY 2016 Annual Reports (ARs). The new reporting requirements provided by the FAST Act and included in the May 23, 2016 interim Federal Regulations are mandatory for the FY 2016 AR. This update contains the two new requirements – see yellow highlights. There are also refreshed links. The best practice examples taken from State Annual Reports have been updated to FY2015 (note: these reports were developed prior to the FAST Act changes).

CAVEAT: This Guidance is not a substitute for a thorough and complete understanding of the applicable Federal laws and regulations.

Annual Report Guidance pdf icon [1.2 MB, 27 pgs.]

Additional Resources

Closing the Circle Cover Closing the Circle: A Multicultural Primer for State Highway Safety Offices
Developed to assist states in their outreach to multicultural groups at the state and local level.
Speak Up Cover Speak Up! Legislative Advocacy Handbook
Provides resources and common sense guidance on how State Highway Safety Offices can most effectively conduct legislative advocacy.
Countermeasures That Work cover Countermeasures That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices
A reference guide to help SHSOs select effective, science-based countermeasures for major highway safety problem areas.
The Art of Appropriate Evaluation cover The Art of Appropriate Evaluation: A Guide for Highway Safety Program Managers
Covers what type of evaluation is reasonable for different programs, how to maximize the success an evaluation, and where to go for help; contains a glossary of basic evaluation terms.
Uniform Guidelines for State Highway Safety Programs cover Uniform Guidelines for State Highway Safety Programs
Offers direction to states in formulating their plans for highway safety efforts supported with section 402 and other grant funds, providing a framework for developing a balanced highway safety program and tools to assess program effectiveness.
Partnering with State Highway Safety Offices Cover Partnering with State Highway Safety Offices: Tips and Tactics for Success
Resource for community groups wishing to partner with State Highway Safety Offices (SHSOs) that explains how SHSOs develop their programs and provides examples of how community groups can be effective partners.