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Planning Tools

State Highway Safety Offices (SHSOs) submit annual Highway Safety Plans (HSPs) and Annual Reports (ARs) to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and assist their state DOTs in the development of the state's Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP).

To address the changes required under MAP-21, GHSA is completing a major revision of all previously developed guidance. These resources will help states in the development and implementation of their HSPS, ARs, and SHSPs.

Performance Measures

GHSA has worked with NHTSA to identify the following performance measures for SHSOs to use in their HSPs and ARs.

Traffic Safety Performance Measures

Performance Measures Report Cover

Traffic Safety Performance Measures for States and Federal Agencies pdf icon [557 KB, 46 pgs.] covers the minimum set of performance measures to be used by states and federal agencies in the development and implementation of behavioral highway safety plans and programs. Fourteen measures are outlined: ten core outcome measures, one core behavior measure, and three activity measures.

NHTSA's State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) provides state-by-state FARS data that states will need for their traffic safety performance measures.

Bicycle Performance Measure
Beginning with the FY 2015 HSP, states will include an additional core outcome measure on bicycle fatalities. Below are three recommended SAMPLE targets (based on Maryland data) that states can use to draft their own bicycle performance measure.

A maintenance goal is also permissible: Maintain bicycle fatalities from 1 (2010-2012 average) to 1 by December 31, 2015.

Frequently Asked Questions pdf icon [159 KB, 4 pgs.]

State Traffic Records Systems Performance Measures

Model Performance Measures for State Traffic Records Systems pdf icon [675 KB, 46 pgs.] is a collection of 61 voluntary model measures to help states monitor and improve the quality of the data in their traffic records systems. It covers all six traffic records systems: crash, driver, vehicle, roadway, citation/adjudication, and EMS/injury surveillance; and provides basic definitions for the six critical performance attributes: timeliness, accuracy, completeness, uniformity, integration, and accessibility.

Attitudes Survey

States began conducting this annual attitude survey in FY 2010. The survey contains nine questions on occupant protection, impaired driving and speeding.

Annual Report Guidance

Guidance for Developing Highway Safety Plans cover
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[899 KB, 31 pgs.]

This guidance document is intended to assist SHSOs in putting together their Annual Reports (ARs). FY 2013 is a transitional year for implementing the new AR reporting requirements specified under MAP-21. NHTSA encourages the states to follow the new reporting requirements as much as possible for FY 2013 in preparation for FY2014, when they become mandatory.

CAVEAT: This Guidance is not a substitute for a thorough and complete understanding of the applicable Federal laws and regulations.

Annual Report Guidance pdf icon [899 KB, 31 pgs.]

Guidance for Developing Highway Safety Plans

Guidance for Developing Highway Safety Plans cover
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[1.4 MB, 65 pgs.]

“Guidance for Developing Highway Safety Plans,” first published in 2013, replaces the previous “GHSA Highway Safety Plan Template.”

Note: this document was most recently revised in June 2014. The yellow highlighted sections are those which contain additions or modifications from the previous revision in February 2014. This includes coordination of the GHSA HSP Guidance with the 2014 NHTSA HSP Content Review Guide and the 2014 NHTSA HSP Regional Webinars. Annually the State should consult with the NHTSA Region on the procedure for submission of the HSP to NHTSA.

CAVEAT: This Guidance is not a substitute for a thorough and complete understanding of the applicable Federal laws and regulations.

Additional Planning Resources

The following planning resources are available via the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) website.

Countermeasures That Work cover Countermeasures That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices
An annually-updated reference guide to help SHSOs select effective, science-based countermeasures for major highway safety problem areas.
The Art of Appropriate Evaluation cover The Art of Appropriate Evaluation: A Guide for Highway Safety Program Managers
Covers what type of evaluation is reasonable for different programs, how to maximize the success an evaluation, and where to go for help; contains a glossary of basic evaluation terms.
Uniform Guidelines for State Highway Safety Programs cover Uniform Guidelines for State Highway Safety Programs
Offers direction to states in formulating their plans for highway safety efforts supported with section 402 and other grant funds, providing a framework for developing a balanced highway safety program and tools to assess program effectiveness.
Partnering with State Highway Safety Offices Cover Partnering with State Highway Safety Offices: Tips and Tactics for Success
Resource for community groups wishing to partner with State Highway Safety Offices (SHSOs) that explains how SHSOs develop their programs and provides examples of how community groups can be effective partners.
Yankelovich Study Cover Understanding and Messaging to At Risk Drivers pdf icon [1.1 MB, 187 pgs.] Reveals five segments of drivers at risk for drunk driving and ways to reach them. State Highway Safety Offices should use this report in crafting their strategic communication strategies for reducing impaired driving.