Transparent
State Laws & FundingNewsMeetingsIssuesPublicationsResourcesLinksAbout UsMembers Only
State Laws & Funding

Calendar Icon Highway Safety Calendar

Email Newsletter icon, E-mail Newsletter icon, Email List icon, E-mail List icon Sign Up for GHSA News

Maryland State ShapeMaryland

Below is a list of the key highway safety laws in Maryland. For more information, contact the Maryland Highway Safety Office.

Aggressive Driver Actions Defined by Statute Comments
At least three of the following: failure to obey traffic control device, overtaking and passing, passing on right, driving on laned roadways, following too closely, failure to yield right of way or speeding.  

Sources: National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) and State Highway Safety Office.

Hand-held Ban All Cell Phone Ban Text Messaging Ban Crash
Data
School Bus Drivers Novice Drivers All Drivers School Bus Drivers Novice Drivers
Yes
(Primary)
  <18 w/ Learner or Provisional License
(Secondary)
Yes
(Primary)
Covered under all driver ban Yes

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Child Restraint Required
unless indicated, # refers to Yrs.(Lbs.)
Adult Safety Belt Permissible
unless indicated, # refers to Yrs.(Lbs.)
Maximum Fine
1st Offense
<8 (and <57") 8 - 15 (or >57") $50

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Per Se Laws for Drugs (Forbidding Prohibited Substances in Driver's Body) DEC/DRE Programs
(Providing Law Enforcement Training)
  Yes

Source: State Highway Safety Office.

Inc. Penalty for High BAC Admin. License Susp. on 1st Offense Limited Driving Privileges During Susp. Ignition Interlocks Vehicle and License Plate Sanctions Alcohol Exclusion Laws Limiting Treatment
*Meeting Federal Requirements
.15 45 days Yes, under certain circum-
stances
Mandatory for high BAC (>.15) convictions        

Sources: Ensuring Solutions to Alcohol Problems, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) and State Highway Safety Office.

Learner Stage Intermediate Stage Full Privilege
Min. Age
(Years/ Months)
Min. Age
(Years/ Months)
Min.
Duration
(Months)
Required
Supervised
Driving Hours
(Night Hours)
Min. Age
(Years/ Months)
Nighttime Driving Restriction Passenger
Restriction
(except family, unless noted)
15 / 9 9 60 (10) 16 / 6 Midnight - 5 a.m. First 5 mos.–no pass. <18
(secondary enforcement)
Night: 18
Passenger: 16 / 11

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway and State Highway Safety Office.

Motorcyclists Bicyclists
Universal Helmet Law (Year Enacted) Partial Law Universal Helmet Law Repealed
1992     <16

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Length of Regular Renewal Cycle (Yrs.) Provisions for Mature Drivers
5 >40: vision test

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Type of Law Who is Covered (Yrs.) In What Seat Maximum Fine 1st Offense
Primary >16 All
(secondary for rear seats)
$50

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway and State Highway Safety Office.

State Law
Permitted

Sources: Segway LLC and State Highway Safety Office.

Checkpoints Conducted? Frequency Legality
Yes Weekly Upheld under state and federal Constitution

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Rural Interstates Urban Interstates Other Limited Access Roads
Cars
(mph)
Trucks
(mph)
Cars
(mph)
Trucks
(mph)
Cars
(mph)
Trucks
(mph)
65 65 65 65 65 65

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Violation / State Law Permitted Locations/Criteria Citation Issued To / Liability Image Taken Penalties (Traditional Penalties)
Speed: Limited Montgomery Co. school zones & residential; Prince George's Co. school zones; statewide school zones (by local ordinance) and work zones on expressways or controlled access highways Registered owner/
Owner
2 or more images of rear of vehicle and tag in any medium $40 max.: no points ($500 max. in residential; $1,000 max. in work & school zones; points vary)
Red light: Permitted Statewide $75 max. civil penalty; no points or record; not moving violation; not used by insurers ($500 max.; 2 points)
Rail: Limited Montgomery Co. and Prince George's Co. Vehicle, driver and tag $100 max.; no points ($500 max.; 1 point)

Sources: National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Violations Affected Enhanced Penalties Workers Must Be Present Signs Must Be Present
Speeding Up to $1,000 No Yes

Sources: National Work Zone Safety Information Clearinghouse and State Highway Safety Office.