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Below is a list of the key highway safety laws in Virginia. For more information, contact the Virginia Highway Safety Office.

Aggressive Driver Actions Defined by Statute Comments
Is a hazard to others with the intent to harass, intimidate, injure or obstruct another person while committing at least one of the following: failure to drive on the right side of highway, driving outside of marked lanes, following too closely, failure to yield or stop before entering roadway, failure to obey traffic control device, passing when overtaking a vehicle, passing on right, failure to yield right of way, speeding, stopping on a highway.  

Sources: National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) and State Highway Safety Office.

Child Restraint Required
unless indicated, # refers to Yrs.(Lbs.)
Adult Safety Belt Permissible
unless indicated, # refers to Yrs.(Lbs.)
Maximum Fine
1st Offense
<7; children in rear-facing devices must be in a rear seat if available - otherwise, in front only if front passenger airbag is deactivated 8 - 17 (4 - 7 with physician's exemption) $50

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Hand-held Ban All Cell Phone Ban Text Messaging Ban Crash
Data
School Bus Drivers Novice Drivers All Drivers School Bus Drivers Novice Drivers
  Yes
(Primary)
<18
(Secondary)
Yes
(Primary)
Covered under all driver ban Yes

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Per Se Laws for Drugs (Forbidding Prohibited Substances in Driver's Body) DEC/DRE Programs
(Providing Law Enforcement Training)
Yes Yes

Source: State Highway Safety Office.

Inc. Penalty for High BAC Admin. License Susp. on 1st Offense Limited Driving Privileges During Susp. Ignition Interlocks Vehicle and License Plate Sanctions Alcohol Exclusion Laws Limiting Treatment
*Meeting Federal Requirements
.15 and .20 7 days   Mandatory for all convictions Vehicle confiscation   Yes Yes

Sources: Ensuring Solutions to Alcohol Problems, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) and State Highway Safety Office.

Learner Stage Intermediate Stage Full Privilege
Min. Age
(Years/ Months)
Min. Age
(Years/ Months)
Min.
Duration
(Months)
Required
Supervised
Driving Hours
(Night Hours)
Min. Age
(Years/ Months)
Nighttime Driving Restriction Passenger
Restriction
(except family, unless noted)
15 / 6 9 45 (15) 16 / 3 Midnight - 4 a.m.
(secondary enforcement)
First 12 mos.–no more than 1 <21; thereafter–no more than 3 <21
(secondary enforcement)
18

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Motorcyclists Bicyclists
Universal Helmet Law (Year Enacted) Partial Law Universal Helmet Law Repealed
1970      

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Length of Regular Renewal Cycle (Yrs.) Provisions for Mature Drivers
8 >75: renewal every 5 yrs. in person with vision test (in person or physician report)
(eff. 1/2015)

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Type of Law Who is Covered (Yrs.) In What Seat Maximum Fine 1st Offense
Secondary All drivers; passengers >18
(primary for passengers <18 in all seats)
Front $25 (driver ticketed for passengers <18)

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

State Law
Permitted

Sources: Segway LLC and State Highway Safety Office.

Checkpoints Conducted? Frequency Legality
Yes Weekly Upheld under state and federal Constitution

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Rural Interstates Urban Interstates Other Limited Access Roads
Cars
(mph)
Trucks
(mph)
Cars
(mph)
Trucks
(mph)
Cars
(mph)
Trucks
(mph)
70 70 70 70 65 65

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Violation / State Law Permitted Locations/Criteria Citation Issued To / Liability Image Taken Penalties (Traditional Penalties)
Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: Limited Local ordinance required; 1 site per 10,000 residents (up to 10 sites in D.C. area) Registered owner/
Driver
2 photos or other recorded images $50 max.; no court costs; not criminal offense; no points; not used by insurers
($200 max.; 4 points)

Sources: National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Violations Affected Enhanced Penalties Workers Must Be Present Signs Must Be Present
Speeding Up to $500 Yes Yes

Sources: National Work Zone Safety Information Clearinghouse and State Highway Safety Office.