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Older man looking out the driver side window

Mature Driver Laws

More and more Americans are outliving their ability to drive safely. As a result of impairments in three functions that are important for driving – vision, cognition and motor function – older drivers have a higher crash risk than middle aged adults.

To address this issue, many states have have enacted laws that contain specific licensing requirements for older drivers.

NOTE: GHSA does not compile any additional data on mature driver laws other than what is presented here. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.

State Length of Regular Renewal Cycle (Yrs.) Provisions for Mature Drivers
Alabama 4  
Alaska 5 >69: no mail renewal
Arizona Until age 65 >65: renewal every 5 yrs.,mail renewal requires passage of vision exam within the prior 3 months
>70: no mail renewal
Arkansas 4  
California 5 >70: no mail renewal
Colorado 10 >61: renewal every 5 yrs.
>66: no electronic renewal, mail renewal requires passage of vision exam within the prior 6 months
Connecticut Choice of 4 or 6 >65: choice of 2- or 6-year renewal, mail renewal requires demonstration of hardship
Delaware 8  
D.C. 5 >70: vision test, possible reaction test, and physician's letter
Florida 8 >80: renewal every 6 yrs. with vision test (in person or physician's letter if renewing by mail or electronically)
Georgia Choice of 5 or 10; veterans valid until 65 yrs. >60: renewal every 5 yrs.
>64: vision test
Hawaii 8 >72: renewal every 2 yrs.
Idaho Choice of 4 or 8 for drivers ages 21-62 >63: renewal every 4 yrs.
Illinois 4 >81-86: renewal every 2 yrs.
>87: renewal every year
>75: road test
Indiana 6 75-84: renewal every 3 yrs.
>85: renewal every 2 yrs.
>70: no electronic or mail renewal
Iowa 5 >70: renewal every 2 yrs.
Kansas 6 >65: renewal every 4 yrs.
Kentucky 4  
Louisiana 4 >70: no mail renewal
Maine 6 >65: renewal every 4 yrs.
40-61: vision test at every other renewal
>62: vision test at every renewal
Maryland 5 >40: vision test
Massachusetts 5 >75: renewal in person only
Michigan 4  
Minnesota 4  
Mississippi Choice of 4 or 8  
Missouri 6 >70: renewal every 3 yrs.
Montana 8 (or 4 by mail) >75: renewal every 4 yrs.
Nebraska 5 >72: no electronic renewal
Nevada 4 >70: mail renewal must include medical report
New Hampshire 5 >75: road test
New Jersey 4  
New Mexico Choice of 4 or 8 >75: renewal every year
New York 8  
North Carolina 8 >66: renewal every 5 yrs.
>60: parallel parking not required on road test
North Dakota 6 >78: renewal every 4 yrs.
Northern Mariana Islands 3  
Ohio 4  
Oklahoma 4 62-64: fee reduced
>65: fee waived
Oregon 8 >50: vision test
Pennsylvania 4  
Rhode Island 5 >75: renewal every 2 yrs.
South Carolina 10 >65: renewal and vision test every 5 yrs.
South Dakota 5  
Tennessee 5 >60: fee reduced
>65: no expiration
Texas 6 >85: renewal every 2 yrs.
>79: no electronic or mail renewal
Utah 5 >65: vision test
Vermont 4  
Virginia 8 >75: renewal every 5 yrs. in person with vision test (in person or physician report)
(eff. 1/2015)
Washington 5  
West Virginia 8
(eff. 6/2014)
 
Wisconsin 8  
Wyoming 4  
Total States Yrs. (# of States)
3 (Northern Mariana Islands)
4 (14)
5 (13 + D.C.)
6 (6)
8 (8)
10 (2)
Until age 65 (1)
Drivers' choice (5)
Varies by method (1)
33 States + D.C

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Offices.